The effect of tool wear and planning parameters on birch wood surface roughness

In this study, the surface quality of birch wood (Betula) test pieces planned with experimental planning tools (ET1, ET2) and influence of tool wear of quality of surface were examined. These tools were made by surfacing using a submerged arc welding (SAW) technique and a mixture of alloying elements (cromium, tungsten, fero-manganese, silicon carbide) spread on the surface under industrial flux. Surface roughness was measured along and across wood fibre. According to the results of experiments it is obviously that average roughness parameters along fibre is lower than across. Planning tool wear results revealed that 3200 m of cutting length is not significant for tools ET1 and ET2 wear. The same can be said about tool nose width change: For ET1 from 2.8 to 2.9 μm, and for ET2 from 2 to 3.4 μm – effect of negligible changes of tool edge geometry on planned surface quality is low. Feed of planning tool played more significant role – twice higher feed per insert (ET1 – 1.00 mm, ET2 – 0.5 mm) showed lower surface quality after planning. To reach necessary wood surface quality, lower feed rate and suggested experimental planning tool ET2 with higher wear resistance than commercial tool is preferable for planning of birch wood.