Analysis of cutting force in the process of chipless felling wood

This study compared the magnitude of the value of the cutting force using different tools with different thickness for different wood species with the same size. Measurements were made on wooden samples of spruce, aspen, and beech wood with dimensions 30 × 30 × 200 mm (w × d × h). The tearing machine pushed knives with dimension 150 × 100 mm and thicknesses of 4, 6, 8, and 10 mm with a 30° angle of cutting edge into the wood samples in a direction perpendicular to the fiber growth. Research shows that this angle of cutting edge is most effective for chipless cutting. The results were analysed by the Statistica 12 software. From the measurement results, for chipless wood felling is most preferred the 10 mm cutting knife thickness.