The effect of oxalic acid pretreatment on alkali pulping process

The objective of this study was to determine prehydrolysis process on kraft and soda pulping process. Optimum cooking conditions were determined by different alkali concentration and cooking period. Oxalicacid was used to hydrolyzechip before cooking. Prehydrolysis proces increased the yield and viscosity of pulp. Incontrast, mechanical properties of paper were not changed significantly. Optical properties were decreased due to lignin content.

Possibilities of removing condensate from a heat recovery unit utilizable in paper industry

Methods, processes and equipments currently used for heat recovery systems are very diverse in different branches of industry including paper industry. A very important process applied in heat recovery units is condensate removal from the heat recovery units because of optimization of the heat recovery process and extending the working life of heat recovery units. Using of heat recovery units with condensate removal in paper industry fits the innovation trends and means heat energy saving that can be realized by increase of heat recovery efficiency. Heat recovery system with condensate removal should be installed near a drying cover of a paper machine due to reduction of heat loss and pipeline length. Integration of designed spiral heat recovery unit with condensate removal into the existing dryer section of paper machine in a paper mill will lead to decrease of heat consumption and increase heat recovery efficiency up to 91.7 %.